Digital Rare Book:
Practice of Bhakti-Yoga
By Sri Swami Sivanada Saraswati
Published by EM.AIRI, Amritsar - 1937
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Sivananda Saraswati (or Swami Sivananda; 8 September 1887 â€“ 14 July 1963) was a Hindu spiritual teacher and a proponent of Yoga and Vedanta. Sivananda was born Kuppuswami in Pattamadai, in the Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu. He studied medicine and served in British Malaya as a physician for several years before taking up monasticism. He lived most of his life near Muni Ki Reti, Rishikesh.
He was the founder of the Divine Life Society (DLS) in 1936, Yoga-Vedanta Forest Academy (1948) and author of over 200 books on yoga, Vedanta, and a variety of subjects. He established Sivananda Ashram, the headquarters of the DLS, on the bank of the Ganges at Sivanandanagar, 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from Rishikesh.
Sivananda Yoga, the yoga form propagated by his disciple Vishnudevananda, is now spread in many parts of the world through Sivananda Yoga Vedanta Centres. These centres are not affiliated with Sivananda's ashrams, which are run by the Divine Life Society.
Sivananda founded the Divine Life Society in 1936 on the banks of the Ganges River, distributing spiritual literature for free. Early disciples included Satyananda Saraswati, founder of Satyananda Yoga.
In 1945, he created the Sivananda Ayurvedic Pharmacy, and organised the All-world Religions Federation. He established the All-world Sadhus Federation in 1947 and the Yoga-Vedanta Forest Academy in 1948. He called his yoga the Yoga of Synthesis, combining the Four Yogas of Hinduism (Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Jnana Yoga, RÄja Yoga), for action, devotion, knowledge, and meditation respectively.
Sivananda's two chief acting organizational disciples were Chidananda Saraswati and Krishnananda Saraswati. Chidananda Saraswati was appointed president of the DLS by Sivananda in 1963 and served in this capacity until his death in 2008. Krishnananda Saraswati was appointed General Secretary by Sivananda in 1958 and served in this capacity until his death in 2001.
Disciples who went on to grow new organisations include:
Chinmayananda Saraswati, founder of the Chinmaya Mission
Sahajananda Saraswati, Spiritual Head of Divine Life Society of South Africa
Satchidananda Saraswati, founder of the Integral Yoga Institutes, around the world
Satyananda Saraswati, founder of Bihar School of Yoga
Shantananda Saraswati, founder of Temple of Fine Arts (Malaysia & Singapore)
Sivananda Radha Saraswati, founder of Yasodhara Ashram, British Columbia, Canada
Venkatesananda Saraswati, inspirer of Ananda Kutir Ashrama in South Africa and Sivananda Ashram in Fremantle, Australia
Vishnudevananda Saraswati, founder of the Sivananda Yoga Vedanta Centres, HQ Canada