Digital Rare Book:
ULFAZ UDWIYEH, or the materia medica, in the Arabic, Persian, and Hindevy languages
By Noureddeen Mohammad Abdullah Shirazy (active 1625-1640)
Physician to Emperor Shah Jahan
With an English translation by Francis Gladwin
Printed at The Chronicle Press, Calcutta - 1793
Nur al-Din Muhammad Abd-Allah ibn Hakim ‘Ayn al-Mulk Qurayshi Shirazi was a mid 17th century Persian physician from Shiraz, Fars, Iran.
He is best known for his large synopsis of 'Yunani' (Greco-Roman medicine as inherited by Islam) and Hindu medicine that was entitled Zakhira-i Dara-Shukuhi and dedicated to the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan's son Dara Shikuh, who ruled as emperor from 1657-9CE.
He also composed in 1628 CE a Persian pharmacological dictionary titled Alfaz al-adwiyah which he had dedicated to Shah Jahan himself, of which the National Library of Medicine has a copy.
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Two eminent physicians during Shah Jahan's reign
By Tazimuddin Siddiqui
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Shah Jahan, c. 1630
Hashim (Indian, active 1598-c.1650)
Opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper
This sensitive portrait jewel was probably painted shortly after Shah Jahan came to the throne of the powerful Mughal Empire in 1628 after the death of his father, Jahangir. He decided to wear a full beard, in reference to his increased orthodoxy in comparison to his more liberal father and grandfather. The artist’s signature appears behind Shah Jahan’s nape.
Image and text credit:
The Cleveland Museum of art