Ancient India (Upto 1200 CE)

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Rare Paintings
Rare Photographs
 1 May 2013
Gold Earring, Taxila (?), 1st-2nd century A.D

These ear-rings are made from sheet gold, cut into shape and embellished with gold granules and wire decoration. Two have vase shaped pendants set with either a turquoise or a pearl bead, and a third has a pendant composed of a gold spherical bead ... Read More
 1 May 2013
Figure holding a mirror, gold with lac-filled base, Taxila, 1st-2nd century AD.

This diminutive figure may have decorated a hair pin or served as the finial to a hand mirror of the type being held by the figure itself. The figure reflects the stylistic cross-currents at work in the north-weste... Read More
 1 May 2013 Article/Essay
Excavated Remains at Nalanda

Nalanda is one of the most ancient international centers of education and learning equivalent to modern universities, with a very rich library. An inscribed seal written "Sri-Nalandamahavihariy-Arya-Bhikshu-Sanghasya" identifies the site as Nalanda Mahavihara.

Nalan... Read More
 1 May 2013 Sculpture
Female Head, terracotta, 6th-7th century, Gandharan style, Jammu, India

The site of Pambarvan, near Akhnur, appears to have been a Buddhist stupa site. Sixth century Gupta coins have been found, together with the terracotta remains of sculptural decorations, most notably a series of terracotta... Read More
 1 May 2013 Rare BOOKS
Digital Rare Book:
Universities in Ancient India
By D.G.Apte
Published by Maharaja Sayaji Rao University, Baroda -1923

This brochure contains a brief account of the famous universities in Ancient India. The term 'university' as used here simply means a centre where higher education was imparted... Read More
 30 Apr 2013 Sculpture
Representation of Mañjuśrī

Figure (Manjusri). Holding lotus and flanked by scrolled borders.
Made of sandstone.

Findspot: Nalanda

ca. 8th Century

© Trustees of the British Museum Read More
 29 Apr 2013

A flattened terracotta ball impressed with a sealing bearing three large stūpas and six smaller ones. Below the Pratītyasamutpāda Gāthā in three lines.

Excavated/Findspot: Nalanda, site 9.

ca.10 century

© Trustees of the British Museum Read More
 29 Apr 2013

A terracotta sealing bearing an impression of a dharmacakra ('wheel of the law') flanked by two deer and above a three-line inscribed Buddhist Creed.

Inscription Script: Nāgarī (early)
Inscription Language: Sanskrit
Inscription Translation: "[seal] of the noble community of monks at the... Read More
 29 Apr 2013 Rare BOOKS
Digital Rare Book:
By Minhaj-i-Siraj of Juzjani
Edited by W.Nassau Lees
Printed at College Press, calcutta - 1864

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Evidence in literature suggests that in 1193, the Nalanda University was sacked... Read More
 29 Apr 2013 Article/Essay
Decline and end of NALANDA

Evidence in literature suggests that in 1193, the Nalanda University was sacked by the fanatic BAKHTIYAR KHILJI, a Turk. Muslim conquest in India is seen by scholars as one of the reasons of the decline of Buddhism in India. The Persian historian MINHAJ-I-SIRAJ, in h... Read More
 29 Apr 2013
BAKHTIYAR KHALJI inaugurated Muslim rule in Bengal by conquering its northwestern part in early 1205 AD. A native of Garamsir (modern Dasht-i-Marg) in northern Afghanistan, Ikhtiyaruddin Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khalji belonged to the Khalj tribe of the Turks. He entreated Muhammad Ghuri at Ghazni to ... Read More
 29 Apr 2013
Replica of the seal of Nalanda University set in terracotta on display in the ASI Museum in Nalanda.

Source: Wikipedia Read More
 29 Apr 2013 Article/Essay
NALANDA - The ancient seat of learning

Towards the Southeast of Patna, the Capital City of Bihar State in India, is a village called the 'Bada Gaon', in the vicinity of which, are the world famous ruins of Nalanda University.

Founded in the 5th Century A.D., Nalanda is known as the ancient seat... Read More
 29 Apr 2013 Rare Photographs
With the rise of Buddhism in India, there arose many centres of learning which did not exist before. As a result Buddhist India came to have five major universities which achieved wide fame. These five were NALANDA, Vickramasila, Odantapuri,Jagadalala and Somapura. In the 10th century when Hieun ... Read More
 28 Apr 2013 Rare Photographs

The Asoka Pillar now in Allahabad Fort is rightly regarded as originally erected at KauSambi. Dr. Bhandarkar says that the savanna or orders of Asoka against schism which we find engraved on pillars are at three different places, namely, Sarnath, Sanchi and Allahabad. "Th... Read More
 27 Apr 2013 Sculpture
Relief plaque, moulded Terracotta, Kausambi.
Circa 1st century BC

The upper part of a terracotta plaque with a moulded relief of a full-frontal female head and upper torso. The plaque has an arched top with a rounded moulding below which at the centre there is a hole. The female has an elabor... Read More
 27 Apr 2013 Rare BOOKS
Digital Rare Book:
Early History of Kausambi
By N.N. Ghosh
Published by Allahabad Law Journal Press, Allahabad - 1935

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Inscribed statue of Shiva and Parvati, from Kosam, Allahabad District - 1875

Photog... Read More
 27 Apr 2013 Rare Photographs
Rear view of ruins of the Baladitya Temple, Nalanda - 1872

Photograph of the rear view of the ruins of the Baladitya Temple at Nalanda, Bihar, taken by Joseph David Beglar in 1872. While these ruins date to the sixth century, Nalanda was originally famous as the sanctuary of Shariputra, one of... Read More
 7 Apr 2013 Rare BOOKS
Digital Rare Book:
Sri Harsha of Kanauj - A monograph on the history of India in the first half of the 7th century A.D
Kavalam Madhava Panikkar
Published by D.B.Taraporevala Sons & Co., Bombay - 1922

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 20 Jan 2013 Rare BOOKS
Digital Rare Book:
ESSAYS ON INDIA ANTIQUITIES - Historic, numismatic, and palæographic, of the late JAMES PRINSEP, to which are added his useful tables, illustrative of Indian history, chronology, modern coinages, weights, measures, etc.
By Edward Thomas
Published by John Murray, London - 1858
I... Read More
 18 Jan 2013 Rare Photographs
Capitol of Asoka's column

Taken at Sanchi and neighbouring places in central India in the 1880s. A detail of sculptural fragments (capital from Asoka's column) near the Southern gateway at the great stupa at Sanchi.

© Trustees of the British Museum Read More